Inequality, The Gini Index, Gender Bias and Other Related Issues

Michael Chibba


In this short article I share my perspectives on inequality, including some conceptual and analytical issues, supported by brief examples from the field or country level. The approach followed is therefore three-fold: (i) to offer my perspective(s) on the subject backed-up by secondary evidence; (ii) to share complementary research findings of others; and (iii) to integrate my field research and policy work where appropriate. The Gini index, Piketty’s path-breaking findings, ethnic inequality, gender inequality, related concepts – i.e. structural inequality and the new concept of “access inequality” – and country examples are integrated in this article.

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Chibba 2016


Alesina, A., Michalopoulos, S. and Papaioannou, E. (2015), ‘Ethnic Inequality’. Forthcoming in Journal of Political Economy.

Chibba, M. and Luiz, J.M. (2011). ‘Poverty, Inequality & Unemployment in South Africa: Context, Issues & the Way Forward’, Economic Papers, 30(3), 307-315

Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Robson, J. (2015). ‘Empty pots, empty cradles’, National Post. 9 November, A10.

Save the Children (2015). The Urban Disadvantage: State of the World’s Mothers 2015. London: Save the Children International.


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