Inequality, The Gini Index, Gender Bias and Other Related Issues


  • Michael Chibba


In this short article I share my perspectives on inequality, including some conceptual and analytical issues, supported by brief examples from the field or country level. The approach followed is therefore three-fold: (i) to offer my perspective(s) on the subject backed-up by secondary evidence; (ii) to share complementary research findings of others; and (iii) to integrate my field research and policy work where appropriate. The Gini index, Piketty’s path-breaking findings, ethnic inequality, gender inequality, related concepts – i.e. structural inequality and the new concept of “access inequality” – and country examples are integrated in this article.


Alesina, A., Michalopoulos, S. and Papaioannou, E. (2015), ‘Ethnic Inequality’. Forthcoming in Journal of Political Economy.

Chibba, M. and Luiz, J.M. (2011). ‘Poverty, Inequality & Unemployment in South Africa: Context, Issues & the Way Forward’, Economic Papers, 30(3), 307-315

Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Robson, J. (2015). ‘Empty pots, empty cradles’, National Post. 9 November, A10.

Save the Children (2015). The Urban Disadvantage: State of the World’s Mothers 2015. London: Save the Children International.