Motivated Reasoning and Disabled People
Motivated reasoning (MR) refers to the influence wishes, desires, and preferences have on individuals’ cognitive processes including assessing, constructing, and evaluating. Research on MR indicates that individuals have the tendency to accept favorable information and be dismissive or critical of threatening information. Such tendency influences the choice of newspapers and other media sources they consume and the content within these sources they read. MR is found to impact partisan affiliations and to lead to attitude polarization inequality, enhanced discrimination and injustice. Certain discussions linked to disabled people lend themselves to MR such as the origin of disablement (the body, the environment, or both) and whether the characteristic that makes one being classified as a disabled person is a deviation or a variation (see discussions around Deaf culture and neurodiversity). MR enables a polarization between the different views evident. Nearly all aspects and impacts of MR influence the living situation of disabled people. As such the purpose of our study was to investigate how the academic literature around MR engaged with disabled people. Using SCOPUS and the 70 databases of EBSCO ALL we found only two academic articles that directly covered MR in relation to disabled people. We use the issue of evidence generation in academic literature and newspapers as one example for discussing the impact of MR on disabled people. We suggest some actions that should be taken in relation to MR and disabled people.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).